Euthanasia is the preparation of intentionally ending a life to get rid of pain and suffering. Different countries all over the world have different euthanasia laws.
Types of Euthanasia
There are six general types of euthanasia.
- Active euthanasia
- Passive euthanasia
- Voluntary euthanasia
- Involuntary euthanasia
- Indirect euthanasia
- Assisted suicide
Active euthanasia in which a person directly and intentionally causes the patient’s death. Active euthanasia includes “the straight administration of a fatal substance to the patient by a different party with kindhearted intent “.Active euthanasia is when death is taken about by an action – for example when a patient is killed by being given an overdose of pain-killers.
In passive euthanasia a person doesn’t directly take the patient’s life, they just give permission to them to die. This is an ethically poor distinction since even though a person doesn’t ‘actively kill’ the patient, they know that the result of their inaction will be the End of life of the person.
Passive euthanasia is when death is brought about by a blunder – i.e. when someone lets the person die. This can be by withholding or withdrawing treatment:
- Withdrawing treatment: for example, turn off a machine that is keeping a person alive, so that patient die of his disease.
- Withholding treatment: for example, not performing surgery that will extend life for a short time.
Voluntary euthanasia happens at the request of the patient who dies voluntary euthanasia is carried out with the permission of the patient.
Non-voluntary euthanasia can be explained when the patient is insensible or otherwise incapable (for example, a very young boy or a patient of very low intelligence) to make a meaningful choice between living and dying, and a suitable person takes the choice on their behalf.
Indirect euthanasia means given that treatment (generally to reduce pain) that has the side effect of rapid speed the patient’s death. Since the initial intention is not to kill, this is seen by some patients (but not all) as morally acceptable.
This generally discusses cases where the patient who is going to die wants help to kill themselves and asks for it. This is a mercy killing process
How does euthanasia work in humans?
The euthanasia word is derived from the Greek word which means good death. To create a human death, the methods working should result in a quick coma followed by respiratory or cardiac arrest. Also, the method should lessen any stress.
A patient can be given a lethal dose of sleeping pills orally after taking some drug against nausea, the dose level is so high that this will stop the respiratory center so after some time the breathing will inhibit and the patient will die. This is called doctor-assisted suicide, not euthanasia.
In euthanasia after intravenous injection of a local anesthetic, for example, Lidocaine is given, followed by an I.V injection or infusion of a coma-inducing drug: according to protocol it’s either propofol the person drops into a coma, then an injection of Rocuronium bromide that paralyzes all tendons and muscles including the muscles used to breath is inhibited, so the breathing process inhibits and the person dies shortly after the injection.