Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worrying thoughts, and followed by physical symptoms like sweating, shaking speech changes, or higher blood pressure. It could also be called nervousness.
There are different forms of anxiety medicines that when it comes to relieving symptoms of their patients, doctors have a wide variety of options. Anxiety prescription medicine works only against the symptoms, and it doesn’t fix the real cause of the problem. Occasional anxiety concerning a stressful or unpleasant situation is normal. However, if a person feels excessive anxiety levels or is almost constantly present, it could be diagnosed as an anxiety disorder. Although these medicines are widespread today as they are capable of packing some serious health and psychological risks for some predisposed individuals.
If drugs don’t cure anxiety, they can help you manage your symptoms, so you can function well and feel better in your day-to-day life.
Many types of anxiety medicines are available. Because each person is different, you and your doctor may need to try different medicines to find the right one for you.
According to research, doctors consider SSRIs to be the first-line drug treatment for anxiety. Although, there are other anxiety medicines too with each of them having their specific role. Below are other anxiety drugs:
- Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
How does anxiety medicines work?
Anxiety is part of our response to survival and is the way our body reacts to potentially harmful or worrying stimuli. Powerful emotions or fear triggers a surge of epinephrine (also known as adrenaline) from our adrenal glands. This increases our breathing, increases our responsiveness to our environment, and prepares us for physical confrontation or flee if we perceive any threat to our safety, and is often called the fight or flight response. Here, we will be taking Panic Attacks as an example and how anxiety medicine help.
The major advantage that medications can have for panic attacks is to improve the patient’s confidence and facilitate progress in overcoming fear and all of its consequences. For the medicine to function in this area, at least it must help in one of the two stages of panic. The first stage is anticipatory anxiety: all the painful physical symptoms and pessimistic thoughts that escalate as you expect panic. The second stage is the panic attack symptoms. Both recent studies and clinical experience indicate that certain medicines may help to relieve symptoms for some people at either or both of these stages. However, if a medication system can specifically block the panic attack itself, many patients no longer anticipate events with such anxiety and can overcome their phobias more quickly.
What Are Anxiety Drugs Side Effects?
You should also be aware of the side effects that some of these anxiety medicines may have on you, particularly if you are suffering from certain medical conditions or have allergic reactions to certain medicines, or are pregnant or attempting to get pregnant, or you are a breastfeeding mother. As with all drugs and treatments, you should always consult with your doctor before taking any medication. Hopefully, talking with your doctor will provide you with the information necessary to help reduce and cure your anxiety successfully.
The common side effects of anxiety medicine include:
- Weight gain
- Sexual dysfunction
- Dry mouth
- Increased sweating